Resources used

Only freely available resources are listed.


General resources

CICA, AICPA, & CIMA. 2011. SMEs set their sights on sustainability: Case studies of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) from the UK, US and Canada.

European Union. 2012. Responsible Med CSR tool.

Industry Canada. 2011. SME sustainability roadmap.

Network for Business Sustainability. 2011. Metrics for valuing sustainability: A framework for executives.

Network for Business Sustainability. 2008. Summary report: Forum on valuing business sustainability.

Spence, L. J. 2012. Primer: Business sustainability for small and medium enterprises (SMEs). London, Canada: Network for Business Sustainability.

Willard, B. 2011. Sustainability advantage dashboard.


Environmental actions

General environmental resources

American Public Power Association & Association of Small Business Development Centers. 2003. Energy efficiency pays: A guide for the small business owner.

BC Hydro. 2015. Power Smart business.

Natural Resources Canada. 2015. Office of Energy Efficiency.

Worrell, E., Angelini, T., & Masanet, E. 2010. Managing your energy: An ENERGY STAR® guide for identifying energy savings in manufacturing plants.

Heating and cooling

DesJardine, M. 2012. One degree: Saving money and the environment is simple.

U.S. Small Business Administration. HVAC systems.


BC Hydro. 2013. Power smart.

U.S. Department of Energy. 2014.Lighting choices to save you money.


EcoDriver. 2009. Buying a fuel-efficient car.


U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Transportation and Air Quality. Fuel economy.


Environment Canada. 2009. The nuts and bolts of pollution prevention (P2).

Environment Canada. 2011. Pollution prevention.

Materials Productivity, LLC. 2002. SWMCB office paper reduction demonstration project.

Natural Resources Defense Council. Smarter business: Greening advisor.

Ohio Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Compliance Assistance & Pollution Prevention. 2008. Water use reduction for businesses.

Pollution Prevention Resource Exchange. The P2Rx™ Topic Hub™ Project.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Why should you care about preventing waste: Small business guide.

Environmental management systems

Bennin, S. 2012. The benefits of environmental management systems for small and medium enterprises . London, UK: Department of Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (Defra).

Burr, P., & Hillary, R. 2011. An evidence-based study into the benefits of EMSs for SMEs. Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra).


Employee Actions:


Apostolou, A. 2000. Employee involvement.

Bélanger, J. 2000. The influence of employee involvement on productivity: A review of research . Human Resources Development Canada.

New Brunswick HR Portal. Tips to encourage employee participation.


Health and safety


Baicker, K., Cutler, D., & Song, Z. 2010. Workplace wellness programs can generate savings. Health Affairs, 29(2): 304-311.

Lunday, S. 2001. Staying well: A place where they don't dread coming to work.

The Oxford Health Alliance. OxHA workplace health programme.




Network for Business Sustainability. 2010. Strong financial results linked to very low or very high corporate giving.

Porter, M. E., & Kramer, M. R. 2002. The competitive advantage of corporate philanthropy. Harvard Business Review, 80(12): 56-68.



Ayuso, S., Rodriguez, M. A., & Ricart, J. E. 2006. Using stakeholder dialogue as a source for new ideas: A dynamic capability underlying sustainable innovation . Working paper no. 633, Center for Business in Society - IESE Business School, Madrid.

Network for Business Sustainability. 2012. Improving community relations: A guide for small business.



Cotte, J., & Trudel, R. 2009. Socially conscious consumerism: Executive briefing on the body of knowledge . London, Canada: Network for Business Sustainability.

Environmental Defense Fund. 2008. Innovations review: Making green the new business as usual.

FairTrade Canada. Products in Canada.

GoodGuide. About us.

PwC, EcoVadis, & the INSEAD Social Innovation Centre. 2010. Value of sustainable procurement practices: A quantitative analysis of value drivers associated with sustainable procurement practices.

Walmart. Standards for suppliers.

Zwilling, M. 2012. 7 ways it pays to build a socially conscious startup . Forbes.